A man this week shot down a small drone flying over his property. He was arrested but a recent legal paper suggests his action may have been justified under privacy and self-defense laws.
Any time we do a talk at a community group, the question of if someone can shoot it down is in the first two questions. I think we can all agree that bullets going up — that must come down somewhere — are bad. There’s got to be a better way.
WASHINGTON (AP) — Model aircraft hobbyists, research universities and commercial drone interests filed lawsuits Friday challenging a government directive …
The big parts of the interpretive rule were the FAA asserting it’s authority to ban commercial operations (without regulation) and banning First Person View flying. Not sure these will be the last suits over the FAA’s interpretive rules. Interestingly, from our standpoint, is that a consortium of universities is challenging the rule as imposing on science research and education.
But this notion of shutting down the airspace is based on the manned aircraft age, one where only a finite number of people can get in the air. The coming age of small flying robots with cameras on them will put all kinds of pressure on these restrictions and open up questions about what journalists should do if they’re being kept from the skies in a place like Ferguson, Mo.
As policy-makers consider whether to regulate drones, I hope they first will examine whether existing laws already address the privacy concerns. As I explained in a February article for The Privacy Advisor, common-law torts such as intrusion upon seclusion, public disclosure of private facts, trespass and nuisance already may deter drone operators from violating individuals’ privacy.
Schulman wrote that, “having been caught trying to enforce the unenforceable, the FAA resorts to an absurd post hoc interpretation of the definition of ‘aircraft.’ All of these strained efforts are undertaken for a single purpose: to obscure the agency’s decade-long delay in issuing proposed unmanned aircraft regulations pursuant to the required notice and comment process required.”
This week we learned of two new FAA actions against domestic operators of what are popularly called “drones” and what the FAA calls “unmanned aircraft systems” (UAS). In one case, the FAA has claimed that it is illegal for volunteers to use radio controlled model aircraft to search for missing […]
The “mysterious flying object” that recently crashed on a Naivasha farm last week was a hexacopter remote control aircraft. Without talking to the operator it’s impossible to determine what caused the crash, but it’s likely that the aircraft ran out of battery power, resulting in a fall, or went out of control when it lost connection with the remote control transmitter.
Drone Lab all-star Ben Kreimer is in Africa doing drone journalism with The Star in Nairobi. Here he writes about why drones will be useful in Africa … and why people need to be careful.
New Yorkers were shocked on Wednesday morning when reports of a building collapse in Harlem hit the wires. It didn’t take long for smartphone cameras to fill up everyone’s social media feeds. But wait. In that oneâ¦ Is thatâ¦ a drone? (Update: Yep! It’s some random guy’s DJI Phantom 2.)
This is going to keep happening, and it’s going to get worse, and I fear something bad is going to happen, as long as there aren’t regulations in place. Clear, unambiguous regulations that allow for commercial use while balancing privacy and safety concerns.
Judge Patrick Geraghty ruled Thursday the FAA had no authority to fine Raphael Pirker $10,000 for flying his small fixed-wing UAV around the University of Virginia campus on Oct. 17, 2011. The university was paying Pirker for publicity video at the time.
Specifically, Geraghty wrote:
That none “of the definitions the FAA used for ‘aircraft’ are applicable to, or include a model aircraft within their respective definition.”
That Pirker’s flight was “subject only to the FAA’s requested voluntary compliance” with rules for hobbyists, which include staying below 400 feet and within line of sight of the operator.
That the policy documents the FAA relied upon for its rules were “intended for internal guidance” and “not a jurisdictional basis for asserting … enforcement authority on model aircraft operations.”
That the FAA’s policy notice setting this all up is either ”non-binding” or “an invalid attempt of legislative rulemaking” that fails to comply with rules for making federal regulations.
That “at the time of Respondent’s model aircraft operation … there was no enforceable FAA rule or FAR Regulation applicable to model aircraft or for classifying model aircraft as an UAS’s.”
So what now? I think it means a couple of things.
First, this appears to open a small crack for journalists to start more openly experimenting with using UAVs for news stories without fear that the FAA is going to come after them.
Second, it’s not going to last. Do you really think the FAA is just going to throw its hands in the air and give up? They’re going to do something. My bet is emergency regulations, which will also be litigated. And we’ll still be waiting for real regulations — basically status quo. But make no mistake, the pressure just got turned up on the FAA to come up with commercial drone rules, and soon.
But let’s talk about those experiments that just opened up. This decision is not an invitation to a free-for-all. What UAV users choose to do in the coming days will determine a lot about what the future of regulation will look like.
Put another way: Don’t do anything stupid. Bad actors make bad policy.
News organizations would be wise, in whatever window exists to fly in, to observe the voluntary restrictions that have been in place since the 1980s. Stay below 400 feet, stay miles away from airports, stay within line of sight, don’t fly over crowds of people. They’re common sense restrictions, and there’s few compelling reasons to ignore them.
And news organizations shouldn’t expect everyone to welcome this with open arms. Police in Connecticut reported a journalist flying on his own time to the FAA and complained to his employer. I wouldn’t expect local law enforcement to be up on the latest twists and turns in administrative law, so be prepared.
Also, many states have considered or passed laws restricting drone use. Most of those dealt with law enforcement use, but several states followed Texas’ lead and are considering laws that make it illegal to photograph private property without the consent of the landowner. This decision will no doubt encourage more legislators to consider laws that may conflict with free speech or free press values.
This decision is important. It begins to open up opportunities for journalists with UAVs. But how much, and for how long, remains to be seen.
The Connecticut journalist was suspended for a week from his job despite not breaking any laws.
Pay particular attention to the last quote: “Some state legislators who recently have proposed blanket legislation restricting drone photography appear to have overlooked First Amendment considerations. I am surprised that news agencies have not been more proactive about this issue, as important rights are at stake in the regulatory process.” — Brendan Schulman.
My answer: No. The reason you’re seeing cases like this popping up is because of the nature of journalism itself. Doing journalism involves being out in the public. And the end result of journalism is making what you’ve found public. That makes it really easy to spot when journalists use drones.
He also gave aerial images from the tournament, free of charge, to The Times of India, which became the first, or one of the first newspapers in the world to print UAV captured aerial photographs in their sports coverage.
They even ran his picture as part of the coverage.
How do these sites affect drone journalism? With the information released today, I don’t think it does for the most part. Here’s why I think that:
These test sites are all about figuring out how to “safely integrate UAS into the national airspace.” For the most part, that means big aircraft flying above 500 feet. “Big” in this case means larger than 55 pounds. The kinds of aircraft these test sites will deal with, at least on the surface, appear to be larger and fly higher than the vast majority of drone journalism applications. And the issues they are researching have much more to do with how unmanned and manned aircraft will co-exist in the skies.
The timing is all wrong. The FAA has said, and repeated today, that they will propose rules for small systems (meaning 55 pounds and smaller) early in 2014. Let’s call that the first quarter — sometime between January and March. The FAA said today that the first test site would be up and running in 180 days. That’s six months from now — June, more or less. So, by the nature of the timing, those two processes appear to be somewhat independent of each other. The small UAS rules are far more important for drone journalists than the big aircraft rules.
Now, given the descriptions of what will be researched at each site, I have no doubt that some of the questions that will influence how drone journalism emerges in the US will be examined at the sites. Examples:
Alaska will research the “development of a set of standards for unmanned aircraft categories, state monitoring and navigation”
Nevada focuses on “UAS standards and operations as well as operator standards and certification requirements”
New York “plans to work on developing test and evaluation as well as verification and validation processes under FAA safety oversight”
All of those could influence drone journalism … or they might just deal with UAS integration into the national airspace, and the small UAS rules in the first quarter may be something else entirely. The truth is, we don’t know. It’s not clear from the FAA today.
But if you’re a journalist, the thing to watch is that first quarter proposal of rules for small systems. Those will have far more influence on the future of drone journalism.
1. Note the limits that the operator used. Max height was 100 meters at the most. It never went very far from the starting position, which means it was within the visual line of sight of the operator at all times (at least, it appears so). About the only thing that would cause regulators concern in other countries with UAV rules would be the flying over and near crowds of people.
2. Speaking of making regulators nervous: It’s worth noting that the BBC could not do this same story in the UK. Civil Aviation Authority restrictions in the UK would bar them from flying in an urban area like this, as well as flying over and near people outside of the crew’s control. Journalists will be contending with vast gulfs between what one country allows versus another for quite some time.
Syrian rebels this week showed off a miniature drone that they claim to have brought down using frequency interference. Fighters from the Free Syrian Army told Reuters that the unmanned, remote-controlled aircraft belonged to President Bashar al-Assad’s forces. The reb &
Click through to the link. The “government drone” they “captured” is a DJI Phantom with a GoPro camera mounted to it. You can buy these on the internet. The operator almost certainly crashed it, which was how it was “captured.”
Calling something a “drone” in the context of war carries with it huge connotations. A $500 remote-controlled quadcopter, as great as they are, hardly qualifies as a “drone.”
Palo Alto High School starts using drones for journalism
By Daniel Wheaton
Until now, only a few colleges, freelancers and news organizations have attempted to use a drone for journalism. But there is a younger newcomer — Palo Alto High School.
On Sept. 13, four journalism students flew a DJI Phantom quadcopter over the dedication of their high school’s new football field.
Once the angle on the Go Pro camera was correct, they sent it up high, out of the range of the fireworks show and captured the unrolling of a massive flag.
Journalism teacher Paul Kandell had the idea to use drones when he saw a Parrot AR drone in a Brookstone store in an Arizona airport. Because of its reasonable price, he purchased one and took to the skies. He told the Paly Voice he enjoys “bringing Silicon Valley into my classroom, getting my students to push the envelope with new technology.”